Beaver Family History – I.
M. Beaver – Published 1936
“We are among those who believe that any who care not about
their earthly origin, care little as to anything higher.” – Harbaugh
years ago our American fore parents together with their wives and children were
sailing the high seas on their way from Germany to America.
cases the husband came first and the wife and family came later. In other cases
the father and oldest son came first and in come instances the sons came first
and the rest if the family later.
their homes in Alsace,
some from Hirschland and other parts of Germany. In the small sail boats in
which they came, all were huddle together, numbering from one hundred to
sometimes four hundred persons. Their trials and experiences in many cases were
hard and pathetic. Some were not able to stand the hardships and died on the
way and were buried at sea.
Most of our
ancestors arrived at the port
of Philadelphia, Pa. Some were four
months buffeting the high seas in their slow and tedious voyage. They first
settled in Chester,
Berks, and Northampton
counties, Penna. The reader will note that the original German spelling of the
name was Bieber; those who moved into English communities changed the spelling
to Beaver, Bever, Beeber, etc. From the original homesteads in Chester, Berks and Northampton counties, Penna, the descendants
of the pioneers have migrated t to ever State in the union, some to Canada and the Hawaiian Islands. The Bieber-Beaver family has been
prominent in America
for more that ten generations. Many of its members have been specially gifted
with brilliant intellects, which have been used to the finest and most
distinctive advantage, not only to themselves, but to their fellow-workers and
fellow-citizens as well.
We are the
descendants and inheritors of the hardships of our pioneer ancestors and at the
same time we have entered into the blessings bequeathed by them who cleared the
forests, built their log cabins, established their Christian homes, erected their
log churches and under God has [sic. have] perpetuated the Christian Church,
and today we are enjoying a most glorious heritage for they have given to us
the freest, finest riches and most liberally governed country in the world. It
is to these noble fathers and mothers that we dedicate this volume.
is the outgrowth of an extensive research covering more than twenty years by
the compiler, searching court house and graveyard records and hundreds of
historical works. Few people realize the magnitude and amount of work involved
in collecting material, except those two have had the actual experience. It has
necessitated the writing of more than seven thousand letters. One of the
discouraging features one has to contend with is the failure of those who
should be interested to answer letters seeking information. As a result this
information has to be obtained form some other source and this increases the
possibility of errors. Some may be disappointed because their family record is
not more complete or because of errors in it; but in such cases they can only
blame themselves for their failure to answer our letters of inquiry. On the
other hand we want to thank the host of persons who have been interested and
assisted the compiler ingathering this material and preserving it in a lasting
form for the present and future generations, before the destroying hand of time
has rendered such a record impossible. In the connection, I want to mention in
particular our worthy Historian, James Keller Bieber, Lyon Station, Berks Co. Pa., who is 86 years
young. He has greatly assisted me in searching court house, church, graveyard
and other records. Others who have assisted are John G. Beaver, 1458 Highpoint Street, Los Angeles, Calif.;
Frederick P. Beaver, Dayton,
Ohio; William S Stull, Waynesboro, Pa.;
David H. Zarger, Chambersburg,
Pa.; Mrs. Cora Beaver Horne,
Washington D. C. It is also hoped that
he many kind friends who have so actively assisted in furnishing family
material may fell amply repaid through the possession of the completer volume.
It is hoped that it may be actually worth the large expenditures of time,
labor, strength, and money spent upon its preparation. We now send the book
forth believing that it may prove a lasting monument to the departed, a living
incentive to greater undertaking and success by the living and that future
generations will appreciate this rich heritage. – I.
M. Beaver – Reading Pa., August 1, 1939
Ship Record of our Immigrant Ancestors
women were not required to register. Names according to different spellings,
viz. Beiber, Beaver, Biever, Bever, Beeber. The following lists were taken from
Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Vol. 17. Compared with Rupp’s 30,000 Immigrants
and Ralph Beaver Strassberger, LL. D. Pennsylvania German pioneers. The dates
given are dates of arrival and the time when the oaths were signed.
1732, Oct 17. Ship
Pink John and William, Capt Tymperton, from Rotterdam via Dover from the Palatinate,
Christian Bever, Dorothy Bever and Jacob Bever - Rupp says that Dorothy and
Jacob were under 16 yrs of age. In Penna. Archives Jacob is listed as among the
women showing that he was lass than 16 yrs of age. Strassberger has the same
spelling. The father of this family evidently died on passage to American.
1739, Sept 3. Ship
Robert and Alice, Capt. Walter Goodman, from Rotterdam via. Dover, from Palatinate,
Peter Biever – Rupp gives Peter Biever and Lorentz Biever. Strassberger gives
Peter Bueber (Bever). Lawrenz Beeber.
1741, Sept 29 Ship
Lydia, James Allen, Master, from Rotterdam last from Deal, from Palatinate
– Hans Geo. Beaver, age 21, Dieble Beaver age 43, Hans Jacob Beaver, age
19, Dieble Beaver, age 16 – Rupp don’t
[sic. doesn’t] give this list. Strassberger gives the same names with one
addition, Peter (X) Beaver. Peter signed with an “X.”
1744, Nov. 2, Ship
Friendship, Capt. John Matson, from Rotterdam, via Cowes, from the
Palatinate – Johnannes Bieber, Georg Bieber, Diswald Beaber – Rupp gives the
same names. Strassberger gives this spelling. Jerg. Biewer, Johann Bieber,
Dewald (X) Beaber.
1749, Sept 15, Ship Edinburg, Capt, Jas.
Russell, from Rotterdam, but last port Portsmouth, England – Jacob Bieber,
Andreas Bieber – Rupp give the same. Strassberger gives the same showing each
signed with an “X” mark.
1749, Sept 15, Ship
Phoenix, Capt John Mason, from Rotterdam, from Palatinate, Zweybrech,
Nassau, and Wertemburgh – Jacob Beiber, Anton Bieber, Hans Michael Bieber –
Rupp gives the spelling Jacob Bieber, Antoni Bieber, Hans Nichel Bieber. Strassberger
gives this spelling Anthoni Biber, Jacob Bieber, hans Nikel Bieber.
1750, Aug 21, Ship
Anderson, Capt. Hugh Campbell from Rotterdam via, Cowes, England from the
Palatinate – Jacob Bieber – Rupp, Jacob Beaver, Strassberger gives this
spelling Jacob (B) Bearrer.
1751, Sept 16, Ship
Brothers, Capt. William Muir from Rotterdam via Cowes, from the Palatinate
– Johannes Bieber, Michael Bieber, Henrich Bieber – Rupp, the same –
Strassberger gives the same.
1752, Nov 3, Ship
Queen of Denmark, from Hamburg via Cowes, Johannes Biber – Rupp, Johannes
Bibe – Strassberger, Johannes Bibr
1764, Nov 5, Ship
Jennefer, Capt. Geo. Kerr from Rotterdam
via Cowes, from
the Palatinate – Ulirch Bieber – Rupp says the
same. Strassberger gives Ulrich (X) Bieber.
1768, Oct 26, Ship
Betsey, Capt. S. Hawk, from Rotterdam via Portsmouth, from the Palatinate –
Michael Bieber, Valentine Bieber, Jacob Bieber – Rupp gives the same spellings.
Strassberger gives these spellings, Nicol Bieber, Feldon Bieber, Jacob (X)
1770, Oct 1, Ship
Minerva, The archives give Adam Leiber, Rupp gives Adam Bieber.
Strassberger gives Adam Lieber.
Note--- The compiler has
carefully examined Col. II, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, by Ralph
Strassberger, LL.D., in which are shown the ship list, facsimiles of the names
of those who could writs their own names, the names being written in German,
some poorly written and very hard to decipher. Those who could not write signed
with an “X” mark.
Captain’s Agreement with Passengers
The distribution of food to be made daily among the
passengers to wit, to one full passage (a half passenger in proportion and for
Sunday, a pound of beef with barley
Monday, A pound of flour, and a pound of butter good for the
Tuesday, A half pound of bacon, cooked with peas
Wednesday, A pound of flour
Thursday, A pound of beef with potatoes
Friday, one-half pound of rice
Saturday, Peas, a pound of cheese, six pounds of bread for
the whole week and one-half pound of bacon
A quart of beer and a quart of water per day. Since beer
sours during the voyage, only enough beer for part of the voyage will be taken
along and when this is gone a double portion of water will be given. Half of
the water will be supplied for cooking. Each morning a small glass of Holland gin and each week
now and them some vinegar.
who worked up the immigrations parties for the ship owner, urged each family to
take such food as dried beef, peas, oatmeal and butter along.
was without money his only resource was to sell himself for a term of 3 to 8
years or more to serve as slaves. These were known as “Redemptioners.” Nothing
but a poor suit of clothes was received when his time had expired. Families
endured a great trial when they saw father purchased by one master, the mother
by another and each of the children by another - All this for the money that
they owed the captain for bringing them over. And yet they were only too glad
that after waiting long, they at last found some one willing to buy them.
used in the trans-Atlantic travel were small sail boats, about one hundred tone
burden. The accommodations were crude often overcrowded; the sailing uncertain
and of long duration, some tines taking as long as twenty-five or thirty weeks.
But our immigrant ancestors were willing to bear all this in order to escape
the tyranny of French rule.
remember that Alsace Loraine, from which some of our immigrant ancestors came,
was originally part of the German empire, but from 1681 to 1871, it was in the possession
When Alsace Loraine came under French rule those of the Protestant faith who
would not accept Catholicism were gradually forced to leave their all and were
driven out by the French --- Through Belgium and Switzerland, some going to Holland
and England, others coming to America to find new homes where they and their
children might worship according to their religious beliefs without